Bridal creeper


Have you seen Bridal creeper?

Be on the lookout for Bridal creeper and report it to Biosecurity Queensland. Early detection and reporting are the key elements in preventing Bridal creeper from becoming a major problem in Queensland.

Call us on 13 25 23.

Native to southern Africa, bridal creeper is a glossy green plant that can smother native vegetation and form a thick mat of underground tubers. A weed of national significance, it is widespread in south-western West Australia, southern South Australia and eastern Victoria.

Although it is not climatically suited to most of Queensland, bridal creeper has the potential to become an invasive plant in cooler parts of southern Queensland such as around Stanthorpe and Warwick.

You must manage the impacts of Bridal creeper on your land.

You must not give away, sell or release Bridal creeper into the environment.

You must report all sightings to Biosecurity Queensland within 24 hours.

Scientific name

Asparagus asparagoides

Other names

  • Bridal veil creeper, gnarboola


  • Creeping plant with twisting stems up to 3m long.
  • Leaves are glossy green, solitary, alternate, broadly ovate 1–7cm long, 8–30cm wide.
  • Numerous shoots grow from 1 patch of roots and entwine with native vegetation.
  • Berries are pea-sized and green when young, ripen to be red, sticky, 6–10mm in diameter, usually contain 2–3 black seeds.
  • Flowers are white, dainty, 8–9mm in diameter.
  • Stems are covered with heart-shaped green leaves.
  • Seeds are black, shiny, 3–4mm in diameter.


  • Grows well in citrus orchards and pine plantations.
  • Can grow in most soils but is most common near coast where it invades woodlands and open coastal vegetation.
  • Thrives in areas high in nutrients such as drainage lines and roadsides next to farms.
  • Tolerates frost and drought.


  • Visit Weeds Australia and click on the distribution tab to access the distribution map.

Life cycle

  • Seeds germinate in autumn to early winter.
  • Produces more than 1000 berries per square metre.
  • Becomes dormant in November.
  • New growth begins February–March.
  • Flowering occurs August–September.



  • Smothers native plants.
  • Forms a thick mat of underground tubers, impeding root growth of other plants and preventing seedling establishment.
  • Invades undisturbed habitats.
  • Threatens low shrubs and ground cover plants in mallee, dry sclerophyll forest and heath vegetation.


  • Causes losses to primary industries (e.g. by shading citrus and avocado trees and interfering with fruit picking).

How it is spread

  • Seeds spread by birds, rabbits and foxes that eat fruit.
  • Also spread by movement of soil containing roots.


Physical control

  • Difficult to control.

Herbicide control

  • Herbicides are most effective method of control.

Biological control

  • Biological control agents have been released in southern Australia. These agents are giving good control in many areas.

Legal requirements

  • Bridal creeper is a category 2, 3, 4 and 5 restricted invasive plant under the Biosecurity Act 2014.
  • You must not give away, sell or release bridal creeper into the environment. Penalties may apply.
  • All sightings of Bridal creeper must be reported to Biosecurity Queensland within 24 hours of the sighting.
  • You must take all reasonable and practical measures to minimise the biosecurity risks associated with dealing with Bridal creeper under your control. This is called a general biosecurity obligation (GBO).
  • At a local level, each local government agency must have a biosecurity plan that covers invasive plants in its area. This plan may include actions to be taken on bridal creeper. Some of these actions may be required under local laws. Contact your local council for more information.

Further information