Wood properties and uses of Australian timbers

  • American mahogany

    Swietenia mahogoni, S. macrophylla. Family: Meliaceae

  • Amoora

    Amoora spp. Principally A. cucullata. Family: Meliaceae

  • Bimble box

    Eucalyptus populnea. Family: Myrtaceae

  • Black bean

    Castanospermum australe. Family: Leguminosae

  • Blackbutt

    Eucalyptus pilularis. Family: Myrtaceae

  • Blackdown stringybark

    Eucalyptus sphaerocarpa. Family: Myrtaceae

  • Blush alder

    Sloanea australis spp. Parviflora. Family: Elaeocarpaceae

  • Blush walnut

    Beilschmiedia obtusifolia. Family: Lauraceae

  • Bollywood

    Litsea leefeana, Litsea glutinosa, Litsea reticulata, Litsea bindoniana, Neolitsea australiensis, Cinnamonium baileyanum. Family: Lauraceae

  • Brigalow

    Acacia harpophylla. Family: Mimosaceae

  • Brown quandong

    Elaeocarpus ruminatus, E. coorangooloo. Family: Elaeocarpaceae

  • Brown salwood

    Acacia aulacocarpa, A. mangium, A. crassicarpa. Family: Leguminosae

  • Brush box

    Lophostemon confertus. Family: Myrtaceae

  • Bunya pine

    Araucaria bidwillii. Family: Araucariaceae

  • Calantas

    Toona calantas syn. Cedrela calantas. Family: Meliaceae

  • Calophyllum

    Calophyllum spp. principally C. vitiense, C. leucocarpum, C. kajewskii, C. paludosum. Family: Guttiferae

  • Carbeen

    Corymbia tessellaris. Family: Myrtaceae

  • Caribbean pine

    Pinus caribaea var. bahamensis, P. caribaea var. hondurensis, P. caribaea var. caribaea. Family: Pinaceae

  • Chengal

    Balanocarpus heimii. Family: Dipterocarpaceae

  • Coachwood

    Ceratopetalum apetalum. Family: Cunoniaceae

  • Damson

    Terminalia sericocarpa. Family: Combretaceae

  • Douglas fir

    Pseudotsuga menziesii. Family: Pinaceae

  • Durian

    Durio spp., Neesia spp., Bombax spp., Coelostegia spp., Kostermansia spp. Family: Bombaceae

  • Erima

    Octomeles sumatrana. Family: Etrameleaceae

  • Eungella satinash

    Acmena resa (red), Syzygium wesa (white). Family: Myrtaceae

  • Forest red gum

    Eucalyptus tereticornis, E. blakelyi ssp. blakelyi. Family: Myrtaceae

  • Grey box

    Eucalyptus moluccana, E. woolsiana ssp. Microcarpa. Family: Myrtaceae

  • Grey gum

    Eucalyptus propinqua var. propinqua, E. punctata. Family: Myrtaceae

  • Grey ironbark

    Eucalyptus drepanophylla, E. paniculata. Family: Myrtaceae

  • Grey satinash

    Syzygium gustavioides syn. Eugenia gustavioides; Acmenosperma claviflorum. Family: Myrtaceae

  • Gympie messmate

    Eucalyptus cloeziana. Family: Myrtaceae

  • Hoop pine

    Araucaria cunninghamii. Family: Araucariaceae

  • Jarrah

    Eucalyptus marginata. Family: Myrtaceae

  • Kapur

    Dryobalanops spp. principally D. aromatica. Family: Dipterocarpaceae

  • Kempas

    Koompassia spp. principally K. malaccensis, K. excelsa. Family: Leguminosae

  • Keruing

    Dipterocarpus species. Family: Dipterocarpaceae

  • Kwila

    Intsia bijuga (formerly Afzelia bijuga syn. Afzelia australis), I. palembanica. Family: Leguminosae

  • Meranti

    Shorea spp., Parashorea spp. Family: Dipterocarpaceae

  • Miva mahogany

    Dysoxylum mollisimum subsp. molle (formerly D. muelleri), D. cerebriforme. Family: Meliaceae

  • Narrow-leaved red ironbark

    Eucalyptus crebra. Family: Myrtaceae

  • Northern cypress

    Callitris intratropica syn. C. columellaris var intratropica. Family name: Cupressaceae

  • Northern silky oak

    Cardwellia sublimis. Family: Proteaceae

  • Palaquium

    Palaquium species, principally P. galactoxylum, P. hexandrum, P. ellipticum, P. obovatum, P. rostratum, P. hornei, P. amboinense. Family: Sapotaceae

  • Pepperwood

    Cinnamomum laubatii formerly C. tamala. Family: Lauraceae

  • Queensland maple

    Flindersia brayleyana. Family: Rutaceae

  • Queensland walnut

    Endiandra palmerstonii syn. Cryptocarya palmerstonii. Family: Lauraceae

  • Radiata pine

    Pinus radiata. Family: Pinaceae

  • Ramin

    Gonystylus spp. (mixed group comprised of over 20 species). Family: Gonystylaceae

  • Red balau

    Shorea principally S. kunstleri, S. guiso, S. collina, S. ochrophloia. Family: Dipterocarpaceae

  • Red bloodwood

    Corymbia gummifera, C. intermedia C. polycarpa. Family: Myrtaceae

  • Red cedar

    Toona ciliata, syn. T. australis, Cedrela australis, C. toona, C. toona var. australis. Family: Meliaceae

  • Red mahogany

    Eucalyptus resinifera, E. pellita. Family: Myrtaceae

  • Red siris

    Paraserianthes toona. Family: Leguminosae

  • Rose gum

    Eucalyptus grandis. Family: Myrtaceae

  • Rose mahogany

    Dysoxylum fraseranum. Family: Meliaceae

  • Rubberwood

    Hevea brasiliensis. Family: Euphorbiaceae

  • Satinay

    Syncarpia hillii. Family: Myrtaceae

  • Scentless rosewood

    Synoum muelleri, S. glandulosum. Family: Meliaceae

  • Silver ash

    Flindersia bourjotiana, F. schottiana. Family: Rutaceae

  • Silver quandong

    Elaeocarpus grandis. Family: Elaeocarpaceae

  • Silvertop ash

    Eucalyptus sieberi syn. E. sieberana. Family: Myrtaceae

  • Silvertop stringybark

    Eucalyptus laevopinea. Family: Myrtaceae

  • Slash pine

    Pinus elliottii var. elliottii, P. elliottii var. densa. Family: Pinaceae

  • Spear wattle

    Acacia rhodoxylon. Family: Leguminosae

  • Spotted gum

    Corymbia citriodora subsp. variegata, C. citriodora subsp. citriodora, C. maculata, C. henryi. Family: Myrtaceae

  • Tallowwood

    Eucalyptus microcorys. Family: Myrtaceae

  • Tasmanian oak

    Eucalyptus regnans, E. delegatensis, E. obliqua. Family: Myrtaceae

  • Taun

    Pometia spp. Principally P. pinnata, P. tomentose. Family: Sapindaceae

  • Teak

    Tectona grandis. Family: Verbenaceae

  • Tulip oak

    Argyrodendron actinophyllum ssp. actinophyllum, A. trifoliolatum, A. peralatum. Family: Sterculiaceae

  • Tulip plum

    Pleiogynium timorense. Family: Anacardiaceae

  • Turpentine

    Syncarpia glomulifera. Family: Myrtaceae

  • Western red cedar

    Thuja plicata. Family: Cupressaceae

  • Western white gum

    Eucalyptus argophloia. Family name: Myrtaceae

  • White beech

    Gmelina fasciculiflora, G. leichhardtii, G. dalrympleana. Family: Verbenaceae

  • White cheesewood

    Alstonia scholaris; A. actinophylla; Wrightia laevis ssp. Millgar. Family: Apocynaceae

  • White cypress

    Callitris glaucophylla. Family Cupressaceae

  • White mahogany

    Eucalyptus acmenoides, E. umbra ssp. umbra, E. carnea, E. tenuipes. Family: Myrtaceae

  • White stringybark

    Eucalyptus eugenioides. Family name: Myrtaceae

  • Yellow walnut

    Beilschmiedia bancroftii. Family: Lauraceae