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Have you seen Kochia?

Be on the lookout for Kochia and report it to Biosecurity Queensland. Early detection and reporting are the key elements in controlling Kochia.

Call us on 13 25 23.

Native to Europe and Asia, kochia is a small annual plant. It was grown as an ornamental hedge around gardens and is sometimes sold in nurseries under the name 'burning bush', due to its red-tinged foliage at certain times of year. It is a serious weed of crops in North America. While it is not known to exist in Queensland, it has the potential to become a serious pest if it is ever introduced and planted.

Kochia is a prohibited invasive plant under the Biosecurity Act 2014.

Scientific name

Kochia scoparia syn. Bassia scoparia

Other names

  • Burning bush


  • Small annual plant up to 1.5m tall.
  • Leaves are alternate, 50mm long, 8mm wide.
  • Flowers are small, found at branch tip.
  • Fruit are star-shaped, 2mm wide, containing a single seed.


  • Tolerates drought.
  • Prefers most soil types.
  • Found along railway lines and roadsides.


  • Not yet recorded in Queensland.

Life cycle

  • Reproduces by seed only.
  • Produces about 14,000 seeds in late summer.
  • Seeds germinate in spring.



  • Potential to invade crops and pastures.

How it is spread

  • Seeds spread by wind.


  • Call 13 25 23 if you find a plant you suspect may be kochia to seek advice on control options.

Legal requirements

  • Kochia is a prohibited invasive plant under the Biosecurity Act 2014.
  • It must not be given away, sold, or released into the environment without a permit.
  • The Act requires that all sightings to be reported to Biosecurity Queensland within 24 hours.
  • By law, everyone has a general biosecurity obligation (GBO) to take all reasonable and practical steps to minimise the risk of Kochia spreading until they receive advice from an authorised officer.

Further information

Contact the Customer Service Centre