End of waste codes
End of waste (EOW) codes specify outcomes that need to be achieved for a waste to be deemed a resource. It states requirements for the registered resource producer as well as conditions for the use of the resource.
View the list of current EOW codes below.
Where the use of a waste as a resource has been demonstrated to have benefits through sustainable use and negligible environmental risks, the Department of Environment and Science (DES) may consider developing an EOW code.
A waste producer may supply a waste as a resource under an EOW code only if they:
- have registered with DES
- can comply with the requirements of the code
- take responsibility for ensuring that the resource supplied to resource users
- meets the criteria and quality characteristics specified in the code
- is used in accordance with the conditions imposed on the use of the resource.
Developing EOW codes
DES calls for submissions annually for the development of EOW codes. While submissions on all resource types are considered, the decision on whether or not to develop an EOW code is at the discretion of DES.
Register to operate under an EOW code
A person must register as a resource producer to operate under an EOW code.
If a person is not registered as a resource producer, the material is deemed to still be a waste and must be continued to be managed in accordance with relevant waste management provisions under the Environmental Protection Act 1994 and Waste Reduction and Recycling Act 2011.
Users of the resource do not need to register with DES unless the EOW code specifically requires notification under the conditions of the EOW code. Penalties may apply if the requirements and/or conditions of an EOW code are not complied with.
To register as a resource producer, or to stop being registered as a resource producer, for an EOW code, use the registered resource producer for an end of waste code notice of registration form.
If the EOW code also requires the proposed user of the resource to notify DES, use the resource user for an end of waste code notification form.
Current EOW codes
Note: On 23 June 2023, a minor amendment was made to the EOW codes to reflect the changes to the Waste Reduction and Recycling Act 2011. This change is not a change of substance and does not adversely affect the interests of a registered resource producer or a person who is likely to receive a resource from the registered resource producer – read the notice of these amendments and the relevant EOW codes (PDF, 181KB).
|Approved resource||EOW code reference|
|Abattoir effluent pond sludge and crust||
ESR/2019/5400 (PDF, 329KB)
|ACQ treated timber shavings||
ESR/2020/5213 (PDF, 328KB)
|Amorphous silica powder||
ESR/2022/5975 (PDF, 395KB)
|Associated water (including coal seam gas water)||
ESR/2019/4713 (PDF, 388KB)
|Associated water for irrigation (including coal seam gas water)||
ESR/2019/4712 (PDF, 477KB)
ESR/2018/4548 (PDF, 555KB)
|Blast furnace slag||
ESR/2023/6404 (PDF, 419KB)
ESR/2022/5933 (PDF, 329KB)
|Chemically treated solid timber||
ESR/2019/4933 (PDF, 315KB)
|Coal combustion products||
ESR/2018/4549 (PDF, 441KB)
|Coal seam gas drilling mud||
ESR/2018/4550 (PDF, 155KB)
|Concrete (Liquid washout)||
ESR/2020/5249 (PDF, 362KB)
|Concrete (Returned concrete)||
ESR/2020/5247 (PDF, 344KB)
|Concrete (Solid washout)||
ESR/2020/5248 (PDF, 345KB)
ESR/2022/6156 (PDF, 468KB)
ESR/2019/4934 (PDF, 381KB)
ESR/2020/5413 (PDF, 327KB)
ESR/2020/5478 (PDF, 333KB)
|Ferrous sulphate heptahydrate||
ESR/2019/5175 (PDF, 367KB)
|Fertiliser wash water and slurry||
ESR/2018/4173 (PDF, 309KB)
|Fibre cement board||
ESR/2021/5858 (PDF, 384KB)
ESR/2018/4551 (PDF, 383KB)
ESR/2021/5665 (PDF, 333KB)
ESR/2022/6183 (PDF, 317KB)
ESR/2018/4174 (PDF, 122KB)
ESR/2020/5243 (PDF, 361KB)
ESR/2021/5629 (PDF, 372KB)
ESR/2021/5565 (PDF, 307KB)
ESR/2023/6357 (PDF, 365KB)
|Spent sulphuric acid||
ESR/2021/5637 (PDF, 329KB)
|Sugar refinery clarifier sludge||
ESR/2019/5171 (PDF, 356KB)
|Sugar mill by-products||
ESR/2018/4440 (PDF, 382KB)
|Tyres (End-of-life tyres)||
ESR/2020/5244 (PDF, 698KB)
|Used vegetable oil||
ESR/2020/5258 (PDF, 314KB)
|Water treatment residuals||
ESR/2019/4944 (PDF, 337KB)
Note: The above EOW codes remain in force until otherwise cancelled, amended or suspended.
- Find out how EOW codes are developed, and how to comment on current draft EOW codes.
- Learn about EOW approvals.
- Read about the EOW framework.
- Learn about waste tracking obligations.