A livestock standstill limits the spread of emergency animal disease by stopping the movement of livestock. In Queensland this would be called a movement restriction, and would be administered with a biosecurity emergency order under the Biosecurity Act 2014.
A livestock standstill is declared by government. It is a critical control measure to limit the spread of significant, highly contagious animal diseases by stopping the movement of at-risk livestock within, or from, a declared area.
Government may also impose movement controls on other items that could spread disease (e.g. meat, contaminated equipment).
Everyone in the livestock supply chain needs to understand how a livestock standstill works. This includes livestock owners, transporters, produce agents, and those who work in abattoirs, saleyards and feedlots.
Under the Queensland Biosecurity Act 2014, everyone must follow regulations, orders and instructions issued to enable a livestock standstill. Penalties for breaching movement restrictions prescribed in a biosecurity emergency order can include fines and imprisonment.
Purpose of a livestock standstill
A livestock standstill:
- helps to limit the spread of highly contagious diseases
- gives authorities time to conduct biosecurity activities, such as
- disease surveillance
- tracing the movements of potentially infected animals to identify where a disease may have originated or spread.
What you should do in a livestock standstill
During a livestock standstill, you must not move any animals at risk of infection off a property, or receive any of these animals onto a property, except with permission from Biosecurity Queensland.
If at-risk animals are already in transit at the time a livestock standstill commences, the owner or person in charge of the animals must comply with the requirements of the standstill and manage the animals appropriately to reduce the risk of spreading disease. Information on how to appropriately manage animals will be provided at the time the livestock standstill commences. The same applies to animals that are being walked from one property to another, including on stock routes.
Biosecurity Queensland will use risk assessments and movement guidelines to decide the best course of action during a livestock standstill, which may include determining appropriate destinations to which your animals can travel. This may be different from their original destination.
Beginning new journeys or moving at-risk animals during a livestock standstill without approval is a breach of the Biosecurity Act 2014 and is illegal.
Department of Agriculture and Fisheries inspectors, Transport and Main Roads inspectors, and police all have powers to give directions that must be followed during a standstill. You must comply with all regulations, orders and instructions issued as part of a livestock standstill.
Notification of a livestock standstill
If a livestock standstill is declared through a biosecurity emergency order in Queensland, the Department of Agriculture and Fisheries will notify:
- livestock industry bodies
- livestock transport companies
- livestock owners
- others in the livestock supply chain
- the public.
The requirements during the livestock standstill would be communicated using a range of channels, including the Department of Agriculture and Fisheries website and industry networks.
If you hear about a livestock standstill or other livestock movement restrictions by word-of-mouth, contact Biosecurity Queensland on 13 25 23 to confirm that the information is accurate.
Diseases that require a livestock standstill
Any significant and highly contagious emergency animal disease could trigger a livestock standstill.
For example, foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is a serious disease that spreads easily:
- by movement of infected live or dead animals
- on contaminated animal products, equipment, clothing, vehicles, animal feed, bedding and waste material
- via airborne transmission.
In the case of FMD, the biggest transmission risk comes from live infected animals, which shed the virus. A livestock standstill is a critical part of controlling FMD.
Animals affected by a livestock standstill
The species or classes of animals affected by a standstill will depend on the disease involved.
For example, in the case of FMD, all cloven-hoofed animals would be subject to the movement restrictions associated with a livestock standstill. This would include livestock such as cattle, pigs, sheep, goats, deer, and camelids such as camels, llamas and alpacas.
Area affected by a livestock standstill
The geographic area affected by a livestock standstill will depend on the size and nature of the disease outbreak. It could range from a single region to the entire state. Where multiple states are involved or concerned, the livestock standstill may include those jurisdictions or the entire country.
Vehicles affected by a livestock standstill
Any vehicle that is carrying animals at risk of infection or unloads these animals after a livestock standstill commences may be directed to take certain action. Vehicles include:
- body trucks
- train wagons.
Controls may also be needed to manage:
- vehicles that carry products derived from at-risk animals, including meat and milk
- vehicles that carry products used by at-risk animals, including stockfeed trucks, molasses tankers, milk trucks, farm 4WDs, farm tractors and farm motorbikes.
Ending a livestock standstill
A livestock standstill will end once urgent disease-control objectives have been met. This typically includes:
- gaining an understanding of the extent of the disease
- determining animals and properties at risk
- determining the effectiveness of biosecurity controls implemented
- having arrangements in place to manage ongoing risk from movements of stock and risk items.
The biosecurity emergency order will be replaced by other legislative tools that will enable effective controls of livestock and specified items. The AUSVETPLAN disease strategies detail these movement controls.
Any actions required during or after a livestock standstill will be communicated by the Department of Agriculture and Fisheries and through industry networks.
- Last reviewed: 24 Feb 2016
- Last updated: 18 Jan 2019