Poison baits for wild dog control
The use of poison baits will control the majority of wild dogs in an area. Problem animals that remain in the area after a baiting program can then be trapped, shot or fenced-out to provide additional control.
Baiting provides a flexible approach to wild dog control, depending on the location of the property. Baits can be laid quickly in large numbers by hand, from vehicles and from aircraft.
Types of poison
There are 3 poisons legally available for wild dog control:
- 1080 (sodium monofluoroacetate)
- PAPP (para-aminopropiophenone)
Baits poisoned with 1080 are the most economic, humane and effective method of controlling wild dogs, especially in inaccessible or extensive areas.
How to buy 1080, PAPP or strychnine
In Queensland the purchase of 1080 solution is prohibited.
You can buy strychnine from chemists if you hold a strychnine permit approved by Queensland Health.
Licensed local government officers can provide fresh meat baited with 1080. You can arrange to buy manufactured 1080 baits (Doggone, DK-9) through Biosecurity Queensland or your local government.
Use of PAPP is strictly regulated, and landowners are required to obtain a permit from Queensland Health before they can obtain, possess or use the manufactured baits.
Call Biosecurity Queensland on 13 25 23 or your local government to discuss baiting options and find out how to use poison baits on your land.
Search the local government directory to find contact details for your local council.
Where to place baits
Wild dogs' keen sense of smell helps them find baits that are intentionally hidden (e.g. buried in sand). Baits may also be tied to prevent their loss to non-target species.
These bait placement techniques help to:
- reduce the risk of poisoning non-target species
- increase wild dog contact, hence receiving a lethal dose.
When to place baits
The timing of control should consider seasonal variations in the availability of water (in places where water is restricted) and then target watering points.
Allow a full month for major effects of baiting to be realised. Heavy rain within 2 weeks of baiting can leach 1080 from bait.
The phase of the biological cycle could also influence the likelihood of wild dogs coming into contact with baits and should be considered. Many land managers participate in 2 coordinated baitings per year - targeting adults during breeding (April or May) and then targeting pups and juveniles (August or September). Additional baiting during the summer months to target young dogs can be effective.
Coordinating baiting programs
To increase the effectiveness of wild dog control, it is essential to coordinate baiting programs with neighbouring properties.
To control wild dogs, 1080 baits should be part of an integrated approach that uses a variety of control methods across a calendar year.