Black tiger prawn aquaculture

The black tiger prawn (Penaeus monodon) is a fast-growing tropical to subtropical species suited to warm, brackish waters. The black tiger prawn is one of 3 prawn species farmed in Queensland, and the main species farmed in Australia.

Purpose-built earthen ponds, constructed on coastal lands or adjacent to the estuarine parts of river systems, are used for the intensive culture of marine prawns.

Successful prawn farming requires a sustainable and clean coastal resource. The industry is currently regulated by local, state and, in some areas, commonwealth laws to ensure a high standard of protection for the environment.

Prawns are harvested early in the year (up to May), and also on demand. Most of the black tiger prawn crop is sold on the domestic market.

This guide provides an overview of black tiger prawn aquaculture in Queensland.