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Diseases that can spread from animals to humans

A disease that is naturally transmissible from animals to people is classified as a zoonosis.

Zoonotic diseases can spread in many ways, such as:

  • working closely with livestock
  • contact with pets, exhibited animals or wildlife
  • contact with soil or water contaminated by animals
  • consumption of unpasteurised dairy products.

Preventing the spread of disease to humans

Practising good personal hygiene, wearing protective clothing, maintaining healthy animals and undertaking preventative treatments and vaccinations where appropriate can minimise the risk of some animal-borne diseases infecting people.

Learn more about preventing zoonotic diseases.

Known zoonotic diseases

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