Available vaccines for diseases affecting pigs
You can vaccinate your herd against these common diseases.
- Causes stillbirths, high piglet mortality rates and abortions, and can cause non-reproductive illness in humans.
- Symptoms can include jaundice, fever, blood in urine and kidney lesions (white spots).
- Diagnosed using clinical signs and blood tests.
- Causes fever, diamond-shaped red blotches on the skin, arthritis affecting the knee, elbow, stifle, hock and hip joints, abortion, heart disease and can cause death.
- Symptoms can vary greatly based on the acuteness of the infection.
- Causes reproductive failure in breeding pigs.
- Symptoms present in sows but more commonly in gilts, and include reduced litter size, stillbirths and abortion.
- Diagnosis should be made by a veterinarian from blood tests and clinical signs, and based on animals’ history.
- Causes scouring (diarrhoea) in the suckling pig and in pigs after weaning.
- A marked increase in watery excreta of young pigs is a clear sign, and thin, dehydrated, shivering huddling pigs can also be an indicator.
- Vaccinating pigs against this disease is especially important, as an outbreak can be catastrophic for a herd.
- Also known as mycoplasma pneumonia.
- Common respiratory disease that reduces growth rates and can kill pigs if newly exposed.
- Predisposes pigs to other respiratory infections, such as porcine pleuropneumonia.
- The agent causing enzootic pneumonia can be carried on the wind and can therefore travel larger distances than other diseases.
- Diagnosis requires clinical and post-mortem inspection.
Actinobacillosis pleuropneumonia (APP)
- Bacterial infection that affects the respiratory system of pigs, often growers.
- Common signs are include either sudden death with a bloody discharge from the nose or lethargy and respiratory problems such as abdominal breathing and coughing.
- Can escalate rapidly in an animal and an accurate diagnosis and treatment advice from a veterinarian is strongly recommended.
- Respiratory infection causing pneumonia, heart sac infection, peritonitis and pleurisy.
- Common in piglets, weaners and growers.
- Symptoms include lethargy and depression, high temperature and reduced appetite.
- Diagnosis is most commonly made through post-mortem examination.
- Intestinal disease most commonly affecting pigs aged 3–12 months.
- The acute form of ileitis presents as a bloody diarrhoea and death, while the chronic form occurs more gradually and symptoms last for up to several weeks.
- Veterinary diagnosis is required as chronically affected animals often appear outwardly healthy, though symptoms can include pasty, watery or bloodstained faeces.
- Last reviewed: 22 Nov 2022
- Last updated: 4 Jan 2023