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What are the requirements for material to be copyright?

For copyright to subsist:

  1. there must be an expression of ideas in a literary, dramatic, musical or artistic work, or in subject matter other than works, such as in an audio-visual performance
  2. the work must be original
  3. the work must be recorded in a 'material form', for example
    1. written down on paper or something else
    2. recorded by keystrokes saved on a computer
    3. recorded on film
    4. recorded on tape
    5. recorded as software code saved on a computer
    6. recorded digitally onto a device
  4. there must be an author or artist.