The state exemption (s. 426) toolkit
This toolkit brings together everything you need to know about self assessing duty on transactions involving the state that are exempt under section 426 of the Duties Act 2001. This is an exemption that registered self assessors must lodge in QRO Online.
The state is not liable to pay duty unless the Duties Act expressly says otherwise.
Generally, all parties to a dutiable transaction are liable (s. 17(2) of the Duties Act), but under the usual commercial practice, the purchaser pays the transfer duty liability.
Where the state is the purchaser, this exemption will apply and the other party will not be pursued for payment of the liability. Alternatively, if the state is the vendor in a transaction, section 426 exempts the state from its joint liability; the purchaser, however, must still pay the duty according to the usual commercial practice.
Read the public ruling on liability to duty of parties to a transaction to which the state is a party (DA426.1) to find out more.
The state is usually represented by a government department or minister, and does not include government-owned corporations. The state may be represented by entities other than government departments. The Duties Act or another document establishing the entity will usually specify that it represents the state.
This exemption does not cover local authorities (councils) or the Commonwealth. Dutiable transactions involving the Commonwealth may be covered under Commonwealth legislation.
Assessing an exemption for the state
Here are some tips to help you assess this type of transaction in QRO Online.
How to lodge online
You must complete all mandatory data fields under each tab in QRO Online. Mandatory fields are marked with a red asterisk. There are some specific data requirements.
- Answer Yes to the question: Is the consideration for this transaction less than the unencumbered value of the property included in this transaction?
- Enter the unencumbered value of 100% interest in property if known; if unknown, enter $0.00 (nil).
- Select Yes to the question: Is an exemption being claimed?
- Select s.426 exemption state from the Exemption type drop-down list.
When a transaction includes real property, each transferor and transferee must declare whether they are a non-Australian entity.
A non-Australian transferor or transferee must complete an identity details annexure.
For transferors, an email is automatically generated through QRO Online when the transaction is lodged, asking the transferor to complete an online identity details annexure. Contact us for help if you cannot obtain the transferor's email address.
Transferees must complete an identity details annexure and you must enter these details in QRO Online.
Records you need to keep
For this type of transaction, you must keep a completed dutiable transaction statement (Form D2.2).
For a transaction involving real property, you must keep the identity details annexure for each non-Australian transferee.
Find out more about your record-keeping obligations.
- See the data entry standards for QRO Online.
- Get help with QRO Online.
- See some endorsing examples if you are unsure how to stamp the documents.
- View the list of approved transactions for self assessors.
- Read the toolkit for the transfers to the state exemption.
- Use transfer duty rates or the transfer duty calculator to work out a transfer duty liability.
- Last reviewed: 8 Nov 2022
- Last updated: 4 Mar 2022
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