Private ILUAs

There are 3 types of ILUAs:

  • body corporate agreements (where there is a registered native title holder for the area)
  • area agreements (where there is no determined holder, but there are claimants)
  • alternative procedure agreement (for large-scale areas).

ILUA negotiations

Before starting ILUA negotiations, parties should:

  • check whether they've identified everyone who must be a party to the agreement
  • understand the requirements for registering an ILUA
  • check whether parties have realistic expectations of what they can achieve through the agreement
  • determine a realistic time frame for negotiating the agreement.

As the applicant, you're responsible for addressing the advertising requirements and organising negotiation meetings for an ILUA process.

You can commence ILUA negotiations at any time; you don't need to initiate the process through us.

The Queensland Government is not a party to the agreement and has no involvement with the negotiation process. However, you must update us on the progress of your ILUA negotiations every month.

There is no time limit on ILUA negotiations and no process available to finalise the agreement. Therefore, there is no guaranteed outcome. If parties cannot reach an agreement, they may undertake further negotiations, use the right-to-negotiate process or abandon the authority application altogether.

You may seek assistance from the National Native Title Tribunal (NNTT) to reach an agreement, but its role in the ILUA process is discretionary rather than mandatory.

View the process flow chart for private ILUAs (PDF, 54KB).

Time frame

The time frame for creating an ILUA depends on how engaged and committed all parties are. For most private ILUAs, it takes 12–18 months to lodge an agreement with the NNTT and a further 6 months to register it.

As there is no opportunity to refer the matter to the NNTT, some ILUA applicants initiate a right-to-negotiate process while aiming to achieve an ILUA as the final outcome for negotiations. Read about the right-to-negotiate process.

Registering an ILUA

Once native title parties authorise an ILUA and all parties sign it, you can lodge it with the NNTT for registration.

Registration may take up to 6 months, including a 3-month notification period. After you register the ILUA, you may proceed with the agreed future acts.

A registered ILUA has the same status as a legal contract. It binds all native title parties to the agreement terms, including those who may not have been identified when the agreement was made.

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