Plantation forestry trees

The following fact sheets provide information about the key plantation forestry trees in Queensland. They cover:

  • their potential as plantations in Queensland
  • growing the species (productivity, soils, site conditions, pests and diseases, tree improvement, seed availability)
  • wood specifications (potential wood products, wood properties and natural durability, wood pests, working with wood).
Fact sheetTimberPotential usesMarket advantages
Red mahogany (Eucalyptus pellita) plantations
  • Hard
  • Durable
  • Attractive
  • Solid wood products
  • Veneers
  • Other appearance grade products
  • Round timber products
  • Carbon sequestration

Well-established national markets, particularly in Queensland and NSW.

Also known in the international market because it is grown in other tropical regions.

Western white gum (Eucalyptus argophloia) plantations
  • Hard
  • Heavy
  • Durable
  • Attractive
  • Solid wood products
  • Other processed wood products
  • Carbon sequestration
  • Bioenergy fuel
A productive plantation tree in Queensland, suitable for low rainfall areas in northern Australia. It is frost and drought hardy, has good form and reasonable growth rates.
Gympie messmate (Eucalyptus cloeziana) plantations
  • High quality
  • Strong
  • Extremely durable
  • Attractive
  • Solid wood products
  • Veneers
  • Other processed wood products
  • Carbon sequestration
  • Bioenergy fuel
Although only small volumes are harvested in Queensland, it has a well-established market, and is in demand nationally.

African mahogany (Khaya senegalensis) plantations

Abstracts from Darwin 2011 African Mahogany Plantation Industry Forum

  • High-value
  • Medium-density
  • Sawn wood products
  • Veneers
  • Furniture and craft
  • Reforestation of mined sites
  • Farm forestry
  • Shade and amenity

High survival and growth rates in many low rainfall areas. Good tolerance to termites. Not severely affected by shoot borer.

Considerable potential as a plantation timber tree in the seasonally dry tropics of northern Australia.

Spotted gum (Corymbia species and hybrids) plantations
  • High quality
  • Hard
  • Durable
  • Attractive
  • Solid wood products
  • Veneers
  • Pulpwood
  • Otherprocessed wood products
  • Round timber products
  • Carbon sequestration
  • Bioenergy fuel
Currently the highest volume native hardwood harvested in Queensland. It has a well-established market, and is in demand both nationally and internationally.
Hoop pine (Araucaria cunninghamii) plantations
  • Premium grade
  • High quality
  • Soft
  • Uniform
  • Knot-free
  • Sawn wood
  • Woodchip
  • Agroforestry (animal shelter and land protection)

Well-established market, and in demand nationally and internationally. High-grade sawn hoop pine serves the upper end of the domestic market, with long lengths of clear wood. Exports include sawn wood and woodchip.

Good growth rates and productivity when on appropriate sites. Relatively tolerant of pests and diseases.

Southern pine plantations. Includes Caribbean pines (Pinus caribaea var. hondurensis), slash pine (Pinus elliottii var. elliottii) and a hybrid of the pair
  • Premium grade
  • High quality
  • Soft
  • Straight
  • Minimal branching
  • Good density
  • Good texture
  • Sawn wood
  • Woodchip
Established processing industry and market in Queensland. In demand both nationally and internationally. High-grade sawn wood serves the upper end of the domestic market. Exports include sawn wood and woodchip.

Further reading

Read other publications about African mahogany in Australia: