Plantation forestry trees
The following fact sheets provide information about the key plantation forestry trees in Queensland. They cover:
- their potential as plantations in Queensland
- growing the species (productivity, soils, site conditions, pests and diseases, tree improvement, seed availability)
- wood specifications (potential wood products, wood properties and natural durability, wood pests, working with wood).
|Fact sheet||Timber||Potential uses||Market advantages|
|Red mahogany (Eucalyptus pellita) plantations|
Well-established national markets, particularly in Queensland and NSW.
Also known in the international market because it is grown in other tropical regions.
|Western white gum (Eucalyptus argophloia) plantations||A productive plantation tree in Queensland, suitable for low rainfall areas in northern Australia. It is frost and drought hardy, has good form and reasonable growth rates.|
|Gympie messmate (Eucalyptus cloeziana) plantations||Although only small volumes are harvested in Queensland, it has a well-established market, and is in demand nationally.|
African mahogany (Khaya senegalensis) plantations
High survival and growth rates in many low rainfall areas. Good tolerance to termites. Not severely affected by shoot borer.
Considerable potential as a plantation timber tree in the seasonally dry tropics of northern Australia.
|Spotted gum (Corymbia species and hybrids) plantations||Currently the highest volume native hardwood harvested in Queensland. It has a well-established market, and is in demand both nationally and internationally.|
|Hoop pine (Araucaria cunninghamii) plantations|
Well-established market, and in demand nationally and internationally. High-grade sawn hoop pine serves the upper end of the domestic market, with long lengths of clear wood. Exports include sawn wood and woodchip.
Good growth rates and productivity when on appropriate sites. Relatively tolerant of pests and diseases.
|Southern pine plantations. Includes Caribbean pines (Pinus caribaea var. hondurensis), slash pine (Pinus elliottii var. elliottii) and a hybrid of the pair||Established processing industry and market in Queensland. In demand both nationally and internationally. High-grade sawn wood serves the upper end of the domestic market. Exports include sawn wood and woodchip.|
Read other publications about African mahogany in Australia:
- African mahogany grown in Australia - wood quality and potential uses
- The domestication of African mahogany (Khaya senegalensis) in northern Australia
- Developing African mahogany (Khaya senegalensis) germplasm and its management for a sustainable forest plantation industry in northern Australia: progress and needs
- African mahogany (Khaya senegalensis) plantations in Australia – status, needs and progress
- Wood properties and processing outcomes for plantation grown African mahogany (Khaya senegalensis) trees from Clare, Queensland (18 and 20 year-old trees) and Katherine, Northern Territory (14 year-old trees)